Many people wonder whether there is herpes on the oral mucosa in general, since such a manifestation of the virus is less common than the notorious “cold sore on the lips” in the form of a rash in the mouth and blisters on the skin.
However, numerous photos of herpes in the mouth of different types indicate that this stomatitis is common among adults and children with weakened immunity.
If you are wondering what herpes looks like on the tongue, then the infection manifests itself in the form of small formations localized in the oral cavity.
After a few days, the rash bursts and the blisters turn into small , crusty sores in the mouth that cause burning and itching.
The severity of signs of viral stomatitis depends on the stage, in most cases, the unpleasant symptoms completely disappear in a maximum of two weeks.
Those who have the causative agent of the disease in their blood know firsthand what herpes looks like in the mouth, but is there a way to reduce the number of relapses?
Classification and main symptoms of herpes
Herpes in the mouth is more common in a child than in an adult, so the disease is considered “childhood”.
It affects babies at the age of two years, and during the first year of life, maternal antibodies are preserved in the body, protecting against the symptoms of herpes in the mouth.
Herpes on the oral mucosa is of two types: acute and chronic, in addition, doctors distinguish three forms: mild, moderate and severe, depending on the presence of cumulative signs, the degree of deterioration of the patient’s condition and the area of the lesion.
When symptoms of herpes appear in the child’s tongue, it is necessary to immediately begin treatment so that the disease does not turn into a chronic form, characterized by periodic relapses against a background of weakened immunity.
Signs of herpes in the mouth include fever, chronic fatigue syndrome, swollen lymph nodes, redness and swelling of the affected area on the mucous membrane, a red rash, itching, pain when chewing food.
Oral herpes infection routes
The mechanism of transmission of the virus involves airborne and contact methods of infection.
The infection enters the body through kissing or any other contact with the patient’s skin, as well as as a result of poor hygiene.
For example, if you use one towel or shared utensils, which is one of the most common causes of cold sores on the tongue.
Once in the blood, the virus uses the trigeminal nerve to get to the accumulation of nerve cells.
The causative agent may not manifest itself for a long time until a certain point, then characteristic herpes rashes appear on the tongue of an adult or child.
People with an acute herpes infection in the throat or blisters on the lips should separate their dishes and use strictly individual utensils, especially if there are children in the house, whose process often proceeds in a more severe form with complications.
Causes of herpes in the mouth
The reasons for the appearance of herpes on the tongue include the following: the influence of stress, colds, natural irritants such as wind, cold or direct sunlight, lack of sleep, immunosuppression.
Many are interested in the question of whether there can be herpes on the tongue, and how to distinguish it from stomatitis.
It is not required to take tests and undergo diagnostics, since the main differences are visible immediately: stomatitis affects cells on the mucous membrane of the cheeks and the inner surface of the lips, while more often you can find herpes on the root of the tongue, tip of the tongue, gums and palate.
The second difference between the two diseases lies in how ulcers are formed: herpetic stomatitis begins immediately with them, and in the second case, rashes appear on the mucous membrane, which eventually open up.
If you find manifestations of the virus, you need to know which doctor is treating herpes in the mouth.
Herpes in children
The infection often manifests itself on the mucous membrane, because children have not yet developed strong immunity.
In addition, they often take toys, unwashed vegetables, fruits and other objects into their mouths, so the issue of treating herpes on the tongue is the most common concern for parents.
The rash can be caused by infection with measles or stomatitis, so if you develop blisters, see your doctor.
Diagnostics includes the following components:
- collection of anamnesis;
- examination by a dentist;
- taking a smear;
- laboratory tests.
Parents need to know for sure how and how to treat herpes in the mouth of a child, so as not to face the dire consequences of improper therapy.
Self-medication is not recommended, especially when it comes to childhood herpes in the mouth.
There is a high risk of “curing” the disease, because of which it will turn into a latent (chronic) form and will make itself felt almost with every mild cold.
Photo. Pediatric dentist in the process of examining a patient, Lumi-Dent dentistry .
How to treat oral herpes
The question of how to treat herpes blisters in the mouth is not difficult, since a large number of various topical antiviral drugs are sold in pharmacies.
For example, “Zovirax”, “Megosin”, “Famvir”, “Valtrex”, “Gerpevir”, “Acyclovir” for herpes in the mouth show high efficiency.
These are the most common and affordable remedies than to treat herpes on the tongue at home.
To normalize the protective functions of the body, doctors recommend taking medications from the group of immunostimulants, and Ibuprofen or Acetatinophen helps to cope with swelling and itching, but it is not recommended to use them uncontrollably.
If herpes on the gums, for example, is accompanied by purulent discharge, antibiotics are prescribed in order to stop the extensive multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms.
In this case, it is absolutely impossible to self-medicate – visit the dentist as soon as possible.
Traditional methods of treating herpes at home
To treat infections at the tip or root of the tongue, gum, or palate, non-pharmacological agents are often used, the effectiveness of which has not been clinically proven, but they help some people.
The most popular alternative methods of how to treat herpes on the tongue and mucous membrane:
Apply milk with at least 1.5% fat content on the blisters with a cotton swab every 2-3 hours.
Grind the licorice root, add a little boiled water to the powder and spread the gruel over the areas with the rash before going to bed.
Crush a clove of garlic and apply the mixture to the affected area.
The correctly selected pharmacy medicine for herpes in the mouth will relieve you of the problem much faster and more effectively.
Ointment and medications are guaranteed to help you successfully treat herpes in the mouth, and avoid the disease becoming chronic.
While folk recipes for colds may not help at all, or have too little effect.
What you need to do to prevent herpes in the mouth
Herpes on the tip of the tongue causes severe discomfort and worsening of the general condition due to infection and symptoms accompanying the disease.
Prevention is always easier than treating herpes on the lip, so treat colds in a timely manner, strengthen the immune system, avoid oral injuries, and use hygienic lipstick.
In order to minimize the risk of subsequent relapses of internal herpes in the mouth, which are inevitable if you have already had characteristic rashes, it is advisable to give an injection with a vaccine.
It is easy to catch viral herpes in the mouth with typical unpleasant symptoms, so do not kiss someone with a cold sore.
If you know your situation in the photo of herpes in the oral cavity, we recommend that you consult a doctor.
Frequently asked questions and answers
How to rinse your mouth with oral herpes?
antiseptic solutions – Miramistin, Chlorhexidine, Chlorfillipt, hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, any mouthwash;
anti-inflammatory drugs – Rotokan.
These home rinses will help prevent infection from multiplying on the wounds, as well as prevent the inflammatory process.
How to smear herpes in the mouth?
antiviral ointments: Gerpevir, Acyclovir, Zovirax;
antibacterial agents: Metrogyl Denta, Levomicon, Syntomycin;
wound healing ointments: preparations based on vitamins A and E, Solcoseryl, Bepanten, sea buckthorn oil, Betadine, Kalanchoe juice, Methyluracil.