Genital herpes. Symptoms and Treatment

Genital herpes. Symptoms and Treatment


Bubbles in the intimate area


Bubbles in the intimate area can be a sign of genital herpes. Today, this pathology is one of the most common pathologies of a viral nature. Herpes in the groin is accompanied by vesicular rashes on the mucous membranes and skin. The cause of genital herpes can be two types of microorganisms – herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2). More than 90% of the world’s inhabitants are carriers of HSV. This infection is a fairly common disease.

How herpes is transmitted


Herpes simplex virus type 1. This type of virus can be transmitted by airborne droplets when coughing, sneezing, drinking from a cup, etc. Most often, HSV 1 provokes a rash on the face: damage to the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose, but it can also be asymptomatic or affect the genital area. However, alas, it will not work to get rid of this virus forever. The virus does not die during treatment, but hides in the nerve ganglia. Therefore, as soon as the carrier of the virus experiences severe stress or hypothermia, the disease will begin to progress again.

Herpes simplex virus type 2. Unlike the first type, a bubble rash often appears not on the face of the sick person, but on the genitals and the anus. HSV-2 is transmitted most often during unprotected sexual intercourse. By the way, a condom cannot always provide 100% protection against genital herpes, since the liquid from the papules can remain on the thighs and groin area. HSV 2 also does not disappear from the body, but “lives” in the nerve ganglia throughout the patient’s life.

Herpes symptoms


The medical community identifies the following options for the course of the disease.

Primary episode

When infected with genital herpes, the patient’s general condition, as a rule, deteriorates, signs of acute respiratory viral infections appear, and the temperature rises. All of these symptoms are accompanied by pain, itching and burning in the groin area. A few days later, rashes appear in the intimate area in the form of bubbles, in the cavity of which there is a transparent liquid.

The rash in women affects the vulva, pubis, and vaginal mucosa. If left untreated, the virus can “go further” and infect the uterus, falloppian tubes, anus, and rectum. Men with herpes will see rashes on the penis and scrotum.

After opening the bubbles, bright red sores appear in their place, which heal within a week or two.

Relapse


When the disease reappears, general malaise may not bother. Vesiculate lesions appear in the same locations. The frequency of relapses depends on the general condition of the body and the immune system; in some cases, 4-5 exacerbations can occur. Recently, however, genital herpes has been occurring in an atypical or asymptomatic form, when the rash is almost invisible. A frequent manifestation in this case may be constant itching in the perineum for no apparent reason, rashes that disappear on their own in 1-2 days, cracks in the skin and mucous membranes. Even if the manifestations of herpes are mild, a person can be dangerous to others, since the possibility of transmission is still high.

Pregnancy risk factor


Genital herpes is dangerous for pregnant women. If a woman first meets the virus during pregnancy and she develops a primary episode, this can cause complications – a frozen pregnancy, spontaneous miscarriage, developmental anomalies and fetal death.

If a woman was a carrier of HSV before she became pregnant, then her immune system can protect the baby, but in case of exacerbations, the risk of complications remains. Infection of a child is possible during childbirth, provided that they pass during the active phase of the course of the disease. Therefore, it is important to closely monitor your health while carrying a baby in order to prevent relapses.

With a lesion of the genitals with a blistering rash provoked by HSV, some patients experience embarrassment, discomfort, shame, depression. Many try to hide information about the presence of genital herpes from new sexual partners, fearing rejection. However, when characteristic symptoms appear, you should not hesitate – you must without fail and seek medical help in a timely manner. In the case of bubbles in the intimate area, you can contact a gynecologist, dermatovenerologist, men can also visit a urologist. The diagnosis is made by a specialist and confirmed by laboratory tests. For this, a PCR test of scraping from the area of vesicles and ulcers is performed, which allows you to identify the pathogen.

Genital herpes treatment


As mentioned above, it is impossible to completely get rid of the herpes simplex virus, as well as to cure genital herpes forever. However, modern medicine is able to offer better remedies for herpes methods that can contain the causative agent of genital herpes in an inactive state and significantly reduce the likelihood of symptoms returning in both men and women.

In this case, the treatment has three goals: to save the patient from a painful blistering rash, itching, and to prevent relapse. Antiviral agents based on acyclovir are prescribed without fail, and local agents are prescribed to reduce edema, itching and inflammation . One of these agents is Epigen Intim spray, which has antiviral, immunostimulating, anti-inflammatory, antipruritic and regenerating effects. It enhances the effect of the main antiviral drug, promotes the production of its own interferons in the focus of the virus activity, which can help reduce the duration of the acute phase of the disease. The use of Epigen Intim spray also helps to eliminate inflammation and itching, accelerate the healing of ulcers.

Prevention of genital herpes


The drug can be used not only in the acute phase of the disease, but also for the prevention of possible exacerbations, including in pregnant women, when most antiviral drugs are contraindicated. Due to the impossibility of healing from genital herpes once and for all, it is better to take care of the prevention of HSV infection in advance:

exclude promiscuous sexual intercourse;
use condoms for all types of casual sex (however, this method of barrier contraception is not 100% able to protect against infection that is possible through the skin).
Also, the carrier of the virus must warn his partner about this, even if he is in remission at the moment, because infection is possible in a quiet period.

What is genital herpes – a chronic disease caused by herpes simplex viruses type 1 and 2. To avoid frequent relapses, you need to monitor your health, support the immune system and not expose the body to hypothermia and frequent stress.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *